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Emery (Smyrida) Mineral of Naxos island

Smyrida, in the local dialect "Smyrigli" (emery), is a rock which is found only on the island of Naxos. The emery of Naxos is located in the bowels of Ammomaxi Mountain, in Northern Naxos and between the villages of Apiranthos and Koronos.

Similar emery deposits exist in Turkey, with a similar composition to that of Naxos. The artificial emery was that which displaced emery of Naxos in international market.

The "smyrigli" is mined even today, although there is no demand in the markets as it has been fully replaced by artificial corundum. The applications of this mineral are too many after processing. From this mineral also the emery tools of grinding are manufactured, while in granular form is used in the anti-slip road construction, etc.

The extraction and the marketing of emery since the Turkish occupation era were the prerogative of the residents of the villages of mountainous Naxos. The privilege of extracting is true today. The emery workers deliver the extracted "smyrigli" to the state, which gives it to markets. The workers are insured in IKA based on the quantity of emery delivered. The state pays the premiums. IKA reserves a special category of this kind of workers even today.

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Interesting is the way the emery is transported from the mines to government warehouses, in the Bay of Moutsouna, where the weighing took place and also its loading to boats (Moutsouna, east coasts of Naxos).

From 1928 until 1978, it was installed and operated an aerial railway, which was essentially an above-ground transportation system of emery, of dual direction rails and cables and trolleys (like a modern cable car). It is saved to this day, in a very good condition, a part of the aerial railway in the mines of the Apeiranthos area to the bay of Moutsouna where there are facilities with tremendous diesel engine and the storage facilities of the product. The aerial transportation system has been declared as a protected monument, since 1989. From 1978, the transfer of emery is done by trucks through the streets from the mines to Moutsouna.


Accommodation
For your stay in Naxos, you can book a room in one of the hotels and Bed & Breakfast inns.
In the town of Naxos, as well as in many other areas of the island, there are hotels and accommodations of various categories and types (rooms to let, residences, Bed & Breakfast inns, studios, hostels, guesthouses and furnished apartments) that can satisfy every visitor's demands and needs for a pleasant and enjoyable stay.
You will find wonderful hotels, rooms and apartments to let of all categories and price ranges.


Access
Naxos island is linked by ferry routes to Piraeus, Access Map. How to get to the Port of Piraeus  Rafina and Lavrio Access Map. How to get to the Port of Lavrio
The route Piraeus - Naxos (103 m distance) varies depending on the ship stops at intermediate ports.
Daily ferry routes connect Naxos to the rest Cyclades Islands.
High Speed vessels connecting Naxos to many of Cyclades Islands and the Port of Piraeus, reduce significantly the duration of the trip.
See details for   Access, Useful information, Transportation

For your convenience, you can use the route map on the field “Routes” with information about the mileage, the time you need and the route you will follow, selecting the points of interest.


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